Laura Špejeraitė has completed her MD from Vilnius University, Faculty of Medicine. She also completed her 6 months long Internship in various departments and has done her Residency in Family Medicine. Now she is working as a Senior Doctor Resident at Vilnius University Hospital Santariskiu Clinics.
Heart attack is one of the leading causes of death and disability between European cardiovascular patients, actively becoming a great strain to society. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge in reference to cardiovascular risk factors and heart attack warning signs among Lithuanian adults. Via questionnaire, provided by investigators, and offering multiple close-ended right and wrong answers about cardiovascular risk factors and heart attack warning signs, a total of 490 adults (aged 25-65 years) were surveyed. Data was collected at Primary Care Center “Vilniaus Centro Poliklinika” between January and October 2015 face-to-face during routine doctor visits. Demographic and personal medical material was collected as well. Responses from only (n=408) participants were included into final analysis. The mean age was 44.09±11.9 and (53.2%) were women. Respondents recognized on average 5.59 of 10 risk factors (SD±1.81) and 3.46 of 6 heart attack signs (SD±1.15). Respectively only (2.2%) and (3.4%) were able to identify all correct risk factors and heart attack signs. Knowledge of risk factors is significantly higher among women, highly educated adults and those aged 25-35 years (p=0.015; p=0.013; p<0.001). Elderly (>55 years) were largely aware of heart attack warning signs (p=0.006). No differences found by self-reported risk factors and smoking. These findings show insufficient public knowledge of cardiovascular risk factors and heart attack warning signs. It is necessary for authorities to consider present gaps in public health education and generate new measures for improving cardiovascular risk factors and heart attack recognition.
To be updated soon...
Heart attack and acute stroke are prevailing causes of death in the eastern European countries. The goal of this study was to determine whether encountering a heart attack or stroke influences the knowledge of these acute cardiovascular disease complications among urban Lithuanian adults. Data about cardiovascular disease risk factors, heart attack and stroke warning signs was collected by developing close-ended questions at “Vilniaus Centro Poliklinika” primary health care center in 2015. The knowledge levels were compared between control group and the following three: heart attack or stroke survivors; those who have heart attack victims among family members or close friends; those having stroke victims in their close surroundings. In total, answers from (n=408) respondents aged 25-65 years was analyzed. The main age was 44.09±11.9 and (53.2%) were women. Those whose family members and close friends suffered from stroke had better knowledge of stroke warning signs (p<0.001) and cardiovascular disease risk factors (p=0.02) whereas those who had heart attack victims among close acquaintances, were significantly better in recognizing only heart attack warning signs (p<0.001). Adults, who underwent heart attack or stroke personally, were more familiar only with cardiovascular disease risk factors (p=0.015), but knowledge level about heart attack or stroke warning signs had no difference in comparison to control group. Since heart attack and stroke survivors usually are elderly people, having limited educative facilities primary health care providers should be concerned about transferring repeated health-protecting messages to their high risk cardiovascular patients.